city, as well as the district of Damghan are surrounded by the mountain
range of Alborz on the north, and by the Salty Desert of the center
of Iran on all other limits. Because of its location on the
mountain-desert edge, strong and misty winds always blow there. And
for the latter reason also, in the city and its surrounding areas
trees don’t grow high. The weather in the highland of this district
is temperate, and it is hot in the desert. Most historians relate
the foundation of the city to Hooshang, the grand son of Kiomars,
and Damghan has been known as one of the most old towns in Iran. It
was the headquarter of the Muslims and the center of the state of
Qomis. Some historians believe that during its golden age, Damghan
had 100 gates. The most interesting heritage and historic places of
Damghan are as following:
Tappeh Hesar (The Wall Hill) which is
located one kilometer from the town, and it includes historical
remaining belong to the pre-historic age.
Tarikhaneh Mosque and
its Minaret, which was built in the second century After the Hijrate
The building was imitated from the Sasanid architecture,
and it is counted as one
of the oldest Islamic mosques of the World.
but the minaret of this mosque belongs to the Saljuk period.
Circular Tower of 40 Girls which belongs to the Saljuk period. It
was constructed in the year 446 AH by Abu Shojaa Esfahani, as a
The Masoom-Zadeh Brick Tower (Mehmandoost) which is
one of the remaining of the Saljuk period, and according to its
epigraph, it was built in the year 490 AH.
The Bell Dome which is
one of the remainings of the late 7th century AH.
Jafar which is a tomb, and it belongs to the Saljuk
Imam-Zadeh Mahmood which is located inside Imam-Zadeh
Jafar’s site, and it is one of the remainings of Mirza Shahrokh
The Jami’ Mosque, the construction year of this mosque
is not known, but its minarets belong to the Old Mosque. It was
built in the year 500