Of historical treasures in Damghan one
must refer to the valuable Tappeh Hessar which was constructed
before the birth of Christ. Professor Hertzfeld (1931-1933) and Dr.
Schmidt (1933-1938) were the first archaeologists who explored the Tappeh.
Tappeh Hessar with several layers of civilizations is hiding
a long history in its bosom. Part of the layers in the Tappeh belong
to the Mades dynasty which shared its civilization with Mesopotamia.
Another layer covers the Achamanid, Parthian and Seleucid periods. Tappeh Hessar achieved its peak of glory during the Seleucid and
Parthian periods. During the reign of Tirdates 1 (Arcase II),
Damghan was the capital of the Parthian Empire in Iran. With the
discovery of relics from that period one comes across another layer
which is ascribed to the Sassanians. Historical excavations has
shown that the history of Damghan starts thousand years before the
birth of Christ. For example Carbon 16 isotope inspections in Tappeh
Hessar have revealed items belonging to 7,000 years ago. Recently
expansion of Tehran-Mashhad railway into double lanes the body of a
woman along with her fetus was discovered with over 7,000 years
Scientists have discovered metal in her teeth which leads us
to believe that she was the goddess Tootam. Tootam worship was a
religion which prevailed among the Iranians, Egyptians and Indians
many thousand years ago.